Christianity offers the only comprehensive worldview for all matters of life. The reason Christians respond so well, or at least ought to, to conflicting ethical decisions and situations is because we have a Christian view of the world. This contradicts many of the worldviews that others have adopted.
Here are the six major ethical systems that various people hold to. The Christian ‘system’ is the last one, and dramatically different to all the others. For each of them there is a FORMAL TERM, a brief explanation, and a common version.
All ethical norms are excluded whether they be universal or general.
(Each does as he pleases)
There are objective norms but they all have exceptions.
(Community determines what is right and wrong and it is unique to each situation)
There is only one exclusive ethical norm (love), readily conceding that all of the rest are at best only general.
(Be nice, the rest doesn’t matter. “love” is defined in vague generalities)
There are many conflicting universal norms which are arranged according to some intrinsic value.
(There are absolutes for right and wrong, but since they don’t always agree, do “the greater good”)
Doing evil is inevitable but excusable, especially if one does the lesser of the two evils.
(There are absolutes for right and wrong, but sometimes doing the wrong is necessary)
There are many universal norms which never truly contradict each other, always leaving a way of escape from the supposed moral dilemma.
(Since God has determined what is right and wrong, there are ethical absolutes. And since He Himself is perfect, those absolutes never conflict. And since He enables those with faith to obey, doing wrong is always avoidable.)
Most “good” people with a sense of morality tend to fall into the GRADED ABSOLUTISM category, but Scripture makes it clear that the NON-CONFLICTING ABSOLUTISM is the reality regarding ethical decisions in our world.
It boils down to this:
God determines what is right and what is wrong, and He will never place me in a situation in which I need to sin in order to escape (1 Cor 10:13).